Regni Angliae et Walliae Principatus Tabula, divisa in LII Regiones, Anglice Shire dictas, prae coeteris correcta et edita per Carolum Allard Amstelo – Batavum.
By: Carel Allard published by Covens - Mortier
Date: 1721 (Published) Amsterdam
Original Size: 19.75 x 23.2 inches (50.2 x 58.9 cm)
This is a fine print reproduction of a splendid map that features most of England, the southern part of Scotland and the eastern part of Ireland.
Though published during the early years of the reign of the Hanover Kings, the elaborate cartouche celebrates the Glorious Revolution, aka as the Bloodless Revolution of 1688-89, which resulted in the deposition of James II and the ascension of his daughter Mary II and her husband William III, Prince of Orange, to the British throne. There is remarkable detail of towns, roads, rivers, and other topographical information.
Counties are grouped and colored in contrasting pastel shades. Carel Allard’s work is relatively scarce, with few maps on the market at any given time. His maps are not easily found and a delight when they do come to light. He was obviously politically aware, as expressed by certain features of the map.
In the marvelous cartouche, Britannia is depicted with globe and scepter in her hands in the lower right while on the left stands a military figure representing King William. In addition to royal crests, cherubim, a crowned lion and unicorn further embellish the finely engraved and colored cartouche.
The map signifies an important moment in history for Europe and England. Once Mary and William had acquiesced to the urging of a European coalition whose purpose was to quell the aggressive acts of Louis XIV, they set out for London. As they approached, James fled, an act which was ultimately perceived to be abdication of the throne. Having ascended, William called on Parliament to convene.
That meeting resulted in a Bill of Rights which gave succession to Mary’s sister Anne in the event of default of issue from Mary. It further barred Roman Catholics from the throne, abolished much of the crown’s power and declared a standing army illegal in times of peace. The Revolution resulted in adoption of John Locke’s contention that government was in the nature of a social contract between the monarch and his people represented in Parliament. The Revolution permanently established Parliament as the ruling power of England.