By: United States GPO
Date of Original: 1873 (Published) Washington
Original Size: 21.5 x 33.5 (54.4 cm x 85.1 cm)
This colorful fine print reproduction map of the United States was compiled by Professors C.H. Hitchcock and W.P. Blake. It is one of the most important early geological maps of the United States, one which would be copied by major commercial mapmakers for a number of years following its publication, making it what we refer to as a “landmark work.”
In addition to depicting geological data, the map also includes state capitals, county towns, principal cities, military and wagon roads, arsenals and forts, creeks and rivers, and canals. Railway systems are clearly delineated. The geological data depicted by it is quite inclusive, covering the Cenozoic, Mesozoic, and Paleozoic periods. More specific geologic data is included in the legend, which is color-coded for ease of reading and interpreting the map.
Other traditional geographic features worth noting include the Dakota Territory and present day Oklahoma as Indian Territory filled with reservations of several tribes from both the Southeast, Midwest, the Great Plaines, and the southwest, including the Cherokee, Chocktaw, Creek, Comanchee, Kickapoo, Apache and Kiowa to name a few.
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What can be referred to as modern cartography has been around for over 550 years. Throughout that time an enormous amount of new land was discovered, cities were founded while others perished. International trade and travel became the norm, political borders were ever-changing, and numerous wars were waged. With all that being said, hundreds of thousands of maps were created that show such events and episodes in time.
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