1596 Exacta & Accurata Delineatio cum Orarum Maritimarum tum etjam locorum terrestrium quae in Regionibus China, Cauchinchina, Camboja sive Champa, Syao, Malacca, Arracan & Pegu...
By: Jan Huygen Van Linschoten
Date: 1596 (Published) Amsterdam
Original Size: 15.25 x 21.5 inches (38.7 cm x 54.6 cm)
This is a reproduction of an authentic, antique map of China, Southeast Asia, the Philippines, Borneo, Korea, Japan, Java, and Beach by Jan Huygen Van Linschoten. The map was published out of Amsterdam as part of Linschoten’s Itinerario in 1596.
This fantastic map depicts the China, Korea as an island, and Japan to the island of Java and Marco Polo’s Beach with an eastward orientation, exceptionally accurate and mythical geographic detail, and a fine array of sea monsters, terrestrial animals, sailing ships, and two fabulous compass roses. Based on the travel accounts of Marco Polo, Linschoten depicts the location of the mythical land of Beach provincia auriferain, where Australia would eventually be discovered. In China, four large lakes are shown in the interior, based on Chinese legend. Korea is depicted as a large circular island and Japan is awkwardly misshapen.
While working as a personal secretary to the Portuguese Archbishop of Goa (1583 – 1589), Linschoten obtained numerous maps and documents from various Portuguese sources. In 1589, while traveling back to Portugal from Goa, Linschoten’s ship was pursued by an English fleet and lost its cargo during a storm while anchored off the Azores. Linschoten spent two years in Tercera after being persuaded to help recover the cargo and prepare notes from his time in Goa. A few years after his return home to the Netherlands, he published his maps in Itinerario which would aid the Dutch and the English in discovering trade routes to Asia. The discovery of these routes would ultimately break the century-long trade monopoly controlled by the Portuguese. Linschoten’s experiences and the publication of maps that followed would ultimately become one of the most important travel works of the era.
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What can be referred to as modern cartography has been around for over 550 years. Throughout that time an enormous amount of new land was discovered, cities were founded while others perished. International trade and travel became the norm, political borders were ever-changing, and numerous wars were waged. With all that being said, hundreds of thousands of maps were created that show such events and episodes in time.
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